New Education System Of india & Education Policy

Education Policy of India

New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: School and higher education to see major changes

New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the National Education Policy 2020, paving way for transformational reforms in school and higher education sector in the country.
The Modi government announced the New Education Policy 2020 which brings about several major reforms in education in India. ... Among the major reforms, the 10+2 structure in the schooling system has been replaced by a 5+3+3+4 structure. It will include 12 years of schooling and three years of Anganwadi and pre-schooling.
The salient features of the policy are as follows
Ensure Universal Access at All Levels of schooling from pre-primary school to Grade 12
NEP 2020 aims to achieve 100% Gross Enrollment Ratio in school education by 2030.
Early Childhood Care Education
NEP 2020 emphasises on the criticality of the early years to ensure quality early childhood care and education for all children between 3-6 years by 2025. The children in the ages of 3-5 will be catered to by the current system of anganwadis and pre-schools, and age 5-6 will be included with the schooling system in a seamless integrated manner.
New Curricular and Pedagogical Structure
With emphasis on Early Childhood Care and Education, the 10+2 structure of school curricula is to be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.
The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/ pre schooling.
The new system will cover four stages:
* Foundational Stage (in two parts, that is, 3 years of Anganwadi/pre-school + 2 years in primary school in Grades 1-2; both together covering ages 3-8),
* Preparatory Stage (Grades 3-5, covering ages 8-11)
* Middle Stage (Grades 6-8, covering ages 11-14), and
* Secondary Stage (Grades 9-12 in two phases, i.e., 9 and 10 in the first and 11 and 12 in the second, covering ages 14-18).
Students will have increased flexibility and choice of subjects so that they choose their own paths according to their talents and interests. There will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams. The objective is to give equal emphasis on all subjects-science, social sciences, art, languages, sports, mathematics - with integration of vocational and academic streams in school.
Multilingualism and the power of language
The medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/ mother tongue /local language/regional language.
Sanskrit will be offered at all levels of school and higher education as an important, enriching option for students, including as an option in the three-language formula. Other classical languages and literatures of India, including Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Odia, Pali, Persian, and Prakrit, will also be widely available in schools as options for students.
Foreign languages, such as Korean, Japanese, Thai, French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, and Russian, will also be offered at the secondary level.
Indian Sign Language (ISL) will be standardized across the country, and National and State curriculum materials developed, for use by students with hearing impairment.
Multidisciplinary Education
To provide multi-disciplinary holistic education at the undergraduate level for integrated, rigorous exposure to science, arts, humanities, mathematics and professional fields having imaginative and flexible curricular structures, creative combinations of study, integration of vocational education and multiple entry/exit points.
The undergraduate degree will be of either 3 or 4- year duration, with multiple exit options within this period, with appropriate certifications - a certificate after completing 1 year in a discipline or field including vocational and professional areas, or a diploma after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor's degree after a 3-year programme.
An Academic Bank of Credit
(ABC) shall be established which would digitally store the academic credits earned from various recognized HEIs so that the degrees from an HEI can be awarded taking into account credits earned.
Model public universities for holistic and multidisciplinary education, Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities
( MERUs) will be set up and will aim to attain the highest standards for multidisciplinary education across India.
Universities and colleges will set up high-quality support centres and will be given adequate funds and academic resources to encourage and support students from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds. Professional academic and career counselling will be available to all students, as well as counsellors to ensure physical, psychological and emotional well-being.
National ResearchFoundation (NRF)
A new entity will be set up to catalyze and expand research and innovation across the country. The NRF will competitively fund research in all disciplines.
Financial support for students
Efforts will be made to incentivize the merit of students belonging to SC, ST, OBC, and other SEDGs. 
The National Scholarship Portal
will be expanded to support, foster, and track the progress of students receiving scholarships. Private HEIs will be encouraged to offer larger numbers of free ships and scholarships to their students.
Open and distance learning
will be expanded, thereby playing a significant role in increasing the Gross Enrolment Ratio to 50%.
Online Education and Digital Education
A comprehensive set of recommendations for promoting online education consequent in the recent rise in epidemics and pandemics in order to ensure preparedness with alternative modes of quality education whenever and wherever traditional and in-person modes of education are not possible, has been covered.

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